Posts Tagged ‘ Lucas Cranach the Elder ’

‘Hunt at the Castle of Torgau in Honour of Charles V’, de Lucas Cranach ‘o Velho’

De Lucas Cranach ‘o Velho’ [c. 1472 – 16 Outubro 1553] ‘Hunt at the Castle of Torgau in Honour of Charles V’


Hunt at the Castle of Torgau in Honour of Charles V, 1544. Oil on panel. Room 055B

A hunting scene characterized by a very developed landscape castle of Hartenfels in Torgau (Saxony). Among those taking part are the Emperor Charles V and John Frederick the Magnanimous, Elector of Saxony (at the lower left), together with the latters wife, Sibylla of Cleves (on the right, dressed in red). The hunt never actually took place and the painting is in fact an allegory of good government, symbolised by the hunt. The painting was given by the Elector, a supporter of the Reformation, to the Emperor. It is dated 1544, the year of the fourth Diet of Speyer when Charles V finally ratified the Elector´s marriage, held in Torgau in 1527. This work is signed with the monogram of Lucas Cranach and dated 1544. It was brought to Spain by Maria of Hungary and hung in the El Pardo Palace, where it is listed in the inventory of 1564. Lucas Cranach and his workshop painted various scenes similar to this one. Each of them shows the elector of Saxony in possession of Torgau Castle, accompanied by different rulers of that time. Those paintings, which may have been commissioned by elector Johann Friedrich as presents to other princes during the fifteen forties, have a political meaning. On one hand, they depict him as the legitimate Lord of his territory, with a commitment to the Reformation, as Torgau was the first Protestant church built ex-novo. At the same time, hunting was synonymous with good government at that time, and it alludes to the necessary collaboration among rulers in order to insure peace.

As “95 teses contra as indulgências” de Martinho Lutero

O gesto faz parte da lenda e, dizem os historiadores, provavelmente nem sequer terá assim acontecido. Mas ficou o símbolo: a 31 de Outubro de 1517, em pleno debate com o delegado do Papa Leão X sobre as indulgências, Martinho Lutero, até então um monge agostinho quase desconhecido, afixa as “95 teses contra as indulgências” à porta da igreja do castelo de Wittenberg.
Provavelmente, o ex-monge, que estava a iniciar, sem o saber, a Reforma Protestante, ter-se-á limitado a redigir as teses nas quais contestava a compra (literal) do perdão dos pecados: os fiéis pagavam uma soma, com ela obtendo o perdão eterno.
O dinheiro recolhido permitia financiar a construção da Basílica de São Pedro, em Roma: o Papa era um Médicis, filho de Lourenço, o Magnífico, que nem sequer era padre quando foi eleito, em 1513. Leão X nomeava cardeais o primo e o sobrinho e estava mais interessado em encarregar Rafael da decoração das Lógicas e da construção da Basílica e em entregar a Miguel Ângelo a construção do túmulo da família do que em preocupar-se com a revolta de um monge alemão.
Para Lutero, só Deus podia perdoar as pessoas e as ‘obras’ que cada um fizesse – leia-se: o que cada um pagasse – não asseguravam a salvação eterna. Com as 95 teses, rapidamente distribuídas por toda a Alemanha, nascia o escândalo. Lutero iniciava a Reforma.
António Marujo, Caderno P2 do Público de 31-10-2011

Lucas Cranach the Elder – Martin Luther as an Augustinian Monk, 1520
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