Posts Tagged ‘ Mary Cassat ’

‘Luz de Verão’, de Childe Hassam

Os pintores Childe Hassam [17 Outubro 1859 – 27 Agosto 1935] e Mary Stevenson Cassat [22 Maio 1844 – 14 Junho 1926] tiveram uma influência decisiva na divulgação do Movimento Impressionista junto do meio cultural americano.

Hassam is probably best known for his views of New York City and landscapes of summer resorts in New England. Most of the latter were painted on the Isles of Shoals. Around the middle of the nineteenth century, the Isles of Shoals, ten miles out in the Atlantic off the New Hampshire coast, became a fashionable vacation site. In a period of rapid urbanization, these islands provided an atmosphere of wild nature combined with comfortable lodgings for writers, musicians, artists, and well-off tourists. It was here that Childe Hassam engaged in summer painting campaigns for some thirty years.

Summer Sunlight belongs to this group of “Shoals” works. Painted in 1892, it is an excellent example of the period during which Hassam executed his most lyrical, atmospheric works. The setting is probably Appledorf Island, where a friend, the writer Celia Thaxter, had a home. Like many of the “Shoals” paintings, it is infused with a sense of bright light and fresh air. Via The Israel Museum, Jerusalem.

Summer Sunlight (Isles of Shoals), 1892

Summer Sunlight (Isles of Shoals)

‘Woman with a Fan’, by Mary Cassat

From Mary Stevenson Cassat [22 May 1844 – 14 June 1926], ‘Woman with a Fan’, c. 1878/1879.

Miss Mary Ellison, c. 1880, oil on canvas
Chester Dale Collection – National Gallery of Art, Washington


This painting is the second of two portraits by Mary Cassatt thought to be of Mary Ellison. Cassatt painted the first in 1877, shortly after she met Miss Ellison through their mutual friend, Louise Waldron Elder (later Mrs. H. O. Havemeyer, a well-known American art collector and a patron of Cassatt). Cassatt does not flatter but, rather, concentrates on Miss Ellison’s contemplative mood.

In this painting, Cassatt demonstrates her affinities with the impressionists. Her brushwork is open and sketchy, and she favors a strong compositional structure over pictorial detail. The mirror behind Ellison was a device the artist used often; its presence allowed the expansion of the composition’s implied space to include areas that the viewer could not otherwise see. Via.


‘The Loge’, de Mary Cassatt

Mary Stevenson Cassat [22 Maio 1844 – 14 Junho 1926] estudou na Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts em Filadélfia entre 1861 e 1865. Em 1868, expôs pela primeira vez no Salon de Paris, onde viria a conhecer Edgar Degas, com quem cultivou amizade e cuja influência foi decisiva para se afirmar no movimento impressionista. Em 1910 tornou-se membro da National Academy of Design, em Nova Iorque.

Mary Cassatt – The Loge, c. 1878-1880
Chester Dale Collection – National Gallery of Art, Washington


A cultivated woman, Mary Cassatt was at home at the theater and opera. In The Loge she depicts two elegantly dressed young women who sit primly in their theater box absorbed in the performance below. The figures are shown close-up, suggesting that we share both their vantage point and their experience of the performance. Reflected in a large mirror behind them, a glittering chandelier illuminates the tiers of gilded balconies that curve majestically around the auditorium. Aware that they are on view from the other boxes, the young women appear slightly self-conscious. One young woman retreats behind her fan. The other clutches her bouquet; her carefully neutral expression establishes a discreet emotional distance.

Cassatt was as attentive to the formal qualities of composition as to the individualization of the figures. Here the sweeping lines of the balconies in the background and the spread of the open fan establish the pattern for this carefully organized composition. The curves are echoed in the black neck ribbon, the rounded shoulders, the arc of the bouquet, and the crystal chandelier. Eliminating details with loose brushwork and softly merging colors, Cassatt suggested rather than defined such elements as the flowers on the fan and the distant audience. Elsewhere, in the arms for example, she emphasized form by allowing the brushstrokes to follow contours and, at times, by using pure line to emphasize a particular shape. The resulting image is, at once, solid and evanescent.


Berthe Morisot (1841-1895), Marie Bracquemont (1840-1916) e Mary Cassat (1844-1926) são as três  grandes figuras femininas do Impressionismo. Também Madame Cassat faria anos hoje.

Mary Cassatt – Lydia Crocheting in the Garden at Marly, 1880

Mary Cassatt – Lydia Crocheting in the Garden at Marly, 1880
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Cassatt and her family spent the summer of 1880 at Marly-le-Roi, about ten miles west of Paris. Ignoring the village’s historic landmarks in her art, Cassatt focused instead on the domestic environment. Here, she portrayed her elder sister, Lydia, fashionably dressed and insulated by a walled garden from any modern hurly-burly. Lydia is absorbed in the sort of old-fashioned handicraft that was increasingly prized by the well-to-do as factory manufacture by working-class women escalated. Although Cassatt was generally uninterested in plein-air painting, she captured the effects of dazzling sunlight beautifully in this work, especially in Lydia’s large white hat. Via.

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