Posts Tagged ‘ Étretat ’

‘Les Falaises à Étretat’, de Claude Monet

As falésias da Costa da Normandia e a zona da pequena vila de Étretat em particular tiveram a visita de pintores desde o início do século XIX, atraídos pela clareza do ar e pela qualidade da luz. Tal como Eugène Boudin [1824-1898] ou Goustave Courbet [1819-1877], Claude Monet [14 Novembro 1840 – 5 Dezembro 1926] pintou dezenas de vistas da praia, entre as quais ‘Les Falaises à Étretat’ em 1885.

Claude Monet - The Cliffs at Etretat

‘Étretat. La falaise d’Aval’, de Eugène Boudin

Eugène Boudin [12 Julho 1824 – 8 Agosto 1898] passou o Verão e parte do Outono de 1890 na pequena vila de Étretat. Atraído pelas falésias da Costa da Normandia e pela luz, sempre presente nos seus trabalhos, Boudin pintou este ‘Étretat. La falaise d’Aval’, que hoje pertence à Colecção Carmen Thyssen-Bornemisza.

‘The Etretat Cliffs after the Storm’, by Gustave Courbet

From Gustave Courbet, born 200 years ago on June 10, 1819 – The Etretat Cliffs after the Storm, 1870

Etretat had attracted painters since the early nineteenth century, drawn by the clarity of the air and the quality of the light. In summer 1869, Courbet arrived in his turn in this small Norman town. He stayed in a house by the sea, tucked against the cliff on the left of the bay (Falaise d’Aval) which he painted many times over. His most accomplished version is certainly The Etretat Cliffs after the Storm.

Gustave Courbet – The Etretat Cliffs after the Storm, 1870
Musée d’Orsay, Paris

In this pure landscape, swept clean of people and all anecdotal detail, Courbet brilliantly balances land and rock, sky and sea. He has made each natural element almost palpable. The clarity of the air and the limpid light after the rain are magnificently caught. The critic Castagnary, a friend of Courbet’s and a firm believer in realism, spoke of “the free, joyous air which circulates in the canvas and envelops the details.” We suddenly understand the admiration that the future Impressionists felt for Courbet’s light and freedom.

Courbet sent The Etretat Cliffs after the Storm and The Stormy Sea to the Salon of 1870. The two canvases, painted about the same time, set up a dialogue as if they were describing successive phases of the same phenomenon. The praise they drew at the Salon consolidated Courbet’s reputation and made him one of the leading figures in the art scene of his time. Via.

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